Ida B. Wells: Anti-lynching crusader

first_imgThe many references by African-American women intellectuals and activists to educational achievement, economic self-reliance, sobriety and religious adherence suggest that Western bourgeois values influenced their thinking and organizational approaches. However, the social conditions created by Reconstruction’s failure must be considered.The profit-driven system of institutional racism and national oppression required super-exploitation of African people. They were systematically denied access to education, adequate wages, quality housing and job opportunities. The criminalization of their communities by law enforcement represented key aspects of the repressive mechanism which served capitalism.Knowing that the federal government and corporations would likely not provide assistance to alleviate workers’ and farmers’ social conditions, African Americans were compelled to create their own institutions to foster social reproduction and ensure survival. Consequently, during this period, there was strong emphasis on self-improvement through education, personal discipline and the adoption of perceived societal norms.Ida B. Wells was born in Holly Springs, Miss., in 1862 as an enslaved African child. Her parents instilled in her a sense of pride and yearning for education. They died in the late 1870s during a yellow fever epidemic. Wells then moved to Memphis to live with relatives and became a teacher in the Shelby County school system.After being physically ejected from a segregated train in Woodstock, Tenn., because she refused to move out of her seat, Wells filed a lawsuit in 1884 against the Chesapeake, Ohio Railroad Co. for discrimination. She won a judgment in the lower courts, but the company appealed to the Tennessee Supreme Court, which overturned her winning settlement.Wells became well-known as a teacher and newspaper editor. She was eventually fired by school system officials after she criticized the inferior education provided to African-American students.Wells protested the racist lynching of three African-American men, her friends, Thomas Moss, Will Stewart and Calvin McDowell, in Memphis on March 9, 1892. They were only guilty of defending themselves against a lawless, white racist mob which attacked them in their grocery store. She wrote a series of editorials in her newspaper, Free Speech and Headlight, denouncing racist lynchings. Subsequently, there was a boycott of street car services and white-owned businesses, followed by a mass exodus of Black people from Memphis to Oklahoma.Writings by Wells exposed the fallacy of the racist myths that Black men were a threat to white women. When one of her newspaper’s editorials noted that some white women sought social relations with African-American men, racists threatened Wells, destroyed her Memphis ­office and drove her out of the city.After moving to Chicago, Wells opposed the terms under which the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition, also known as the Chicago World’s Fair, was being held to celebrate the 400 years since colonizer Christopher Columbus arrived on this continent. African-American organizations, churches and newspapers called for a boycott of the fair. The community demanded positions on the whites-only board of directors and planning committees that designed the project and space for exhibits. Ruling-class forces rejected these legitimate requests. Eventually, some concessions were made, although many African Americans remained dissatisfied and refused to attend.‘The Reason Why’Prior to the exposition’s opening, Wells initiated, contributed to, edited and published a pamphlet attacking the event; it contained sections written by Frederick Douglass, Ferdinand L. Barnett and I. Garland Penn. It was entitled “The Reason Why the ‘Colored’ American Is Not in the World’s Columbian Exposition — the Afro-American’s Contribution to Columbian Literature.”Wells noted, “The ‘colored’ people of this great Republic number eight millions — more than one-tenth the whole population of the United States. They [landed] … at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619 in a slave ship, before the Puritans, who landed at Plymouth in 1620. They have contributed a large share to American prosperity and civilization. The labor of one-half of this country has always been, and is still being, done through them. The first credit this country had in its trade with foreign nations was created by productions resulting from their labor. The wealth created by their industry has made it possible for them to make the most of their progress in education, art, science, ­industry and invention.”Wells added, “Those visiting the World’s Columbian Exposition who know these facts … will ask: Why are not the ‘colored’ people, who constitute so large an element of the American population, and who have contributed so much to American greatness, more visibly present and better ­represented in this World’s Exposition?”The pamphlet documented proof of the exclusion, exploitation and repression of African-American people. Wells did not speak at the World’s Fair; however, her voice was heard loudly and clearly through the document.Highlighting the dangerous situation facing African-American people, Wells recounted extrajudicial mob killings. Chapter 4 entitled “Lynch Law” reported, “A lynching equally as cold-blooded took place in Memphis, Tennessee, March, 1892. Three young ‘colored’ men in an altercation at their place of business fired on white men in self-defense. They were imprisoned for three days, then taken out by the mob and horribly shot to death. Thomas Moss, Will Stewart and Calvin McDowell were energetic businessmen. … Their [grocery] business had prospered and that of a rival white grocer named Barrett had declined.”Wells recounted, “Barrett led the attack on their grocery which resulted in the wounding of three white men. For this cause were three innocent men barbarously lynched, and their families left without protectors. … They were the officers of the company which conducted the grocery. … [A]ll three were men of splendid reputation for honesty, integrity and sobriety. But their murderers, though well-known, have never been counted, were not even troubled with a preliminary examination.”Although he submitted an article to “The Reason Why,” Douglass attended the exposition and delivered an address. Concerning the Exposition’s aspects which focused on African people’s affairs, some administrative control was relinquished. Douglass, the formerly enslaved, self-emancipated African turned abolitionist and propagandist, was named administrator for “Colored” American Day.Christopher Robert Reed, of Roosevelt University, wrote in 1999, “Ida B. Wells stayed away from the celebration but retroactively reversed her assessment … and [sought] out Douglass at the Haitian Pavilion.” There, they handed out copies of “The Reason Why.”Wells traveled around the U.S. and abroad as a leader of the anti-lynching crusade. She continued to write, speak out and organize against racism and injustice for the rest of her life. Also a fighter for women’s rights, Wells established an African-American women’s suffrage organization.Ida B. Wells Barnett married Ferdinand Barnett in 1895, and they had four children. This internationally renowned “crusader for justice” died in 1931.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

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Motorcyclist Critically Injured in Pasadena Collision

first_img STAFF REPORT Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy More Cool Stuff Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  STAFF REPORT First Heatwave Expected Next Week Any update on the young man? My wife saw what happened and has been praying for his recovery CITY NEWS SERVICE/STAFF REPORT Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday © OpenStreetMap contributorsA motorcyclist suffered major injuries following a collision involving a car along Colorado Boulevard in Pasadena on Friday afternoon, officials said.The crash was first reported about 3:45 p.m. in the intersection of Colorado Boulevard and Vinedo Avenue, Pasadena police Lt. Mario Ortiz said.The injured cyclist, initially described only as a man, was rushed to a hospital with life-threatening injuries, according to the lieutenant.Initial investigation indicated the motorcycle collided with a car that was making a left turn in the intersection, he said.The driver of the involved car remained at the scene and cooperated with police, Ortiz said. There were no overt signs of a crime.Any witnesses, or anyone with information, can reach the Pasadena Police Department at (626) 744-4501. Community News EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Top of the News Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Make a comment Hal says: center_img Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Subscribe One thought on “Motorcyclist Critically Injured in Pasadena Collision” 11 recommended2 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Community News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Business News Herbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyRed Meat Is Dangerous And Here Is The ProofHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Questions To Start Conversation Way Better Than ‘How U Doing?’HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWho Was The Hollywood ‘It Girl’ The Year You Were Born?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyShort On Time? 10-Minute Workouts Are Just What You NeedHerbeautyHerbeauty faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Public Safety Motorcyclist Critically Injured in Pasadena Collision By BRIAN DAY Published on Friday, May 14, 2021 | 4:59 pm May 16th, 2021 at 11:13 am last_img read more

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Road through Unifi site to be re-examined by the Council

first_img Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Facebook 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Pinterest Previous articleMan charged with break-in of elderly woman’s house released on bailNext articleLifeboats in Donegal rescue 68 people in 2012 News Highland Google+ WhatsApp Letterkenny Town Council is being asked to re-examine the possibility of opening a road through the Unifi site to the public. According to Cllr Ciaran Brogan, the road is complete, and runs through the site from a mini roundabout at Lisnennan to a second roundabout close to what was the front entrance of the plant.In a response to Cllr Brogan earlier this month, the council said an agreement has been reached that it would take over and open the road once the NRA begins work on a realignment of the Business Park Road. The council also said a public consultation would be necessary.However, Cllr Brogan says they are two separate issues, and he believes the access road could be open relatively shortly…….[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/cbrog830.mp3[/podcast] Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th center_img By News Highland – January 22, 2013 Road through Unifi site to be re-examined by the Council Pinterest Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Google+ News Twitter Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan firelast_img read more

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Delhi Court Adjourns Till 27th April Hearing In Civil Suit Seeking Restoration Of Alleged Temple Complex Inside Qutub Minar

first_imgNews UpdatesDelhi Court Adjourns Till 27th April Hearing In Civil Suit Seeking Restoration Of Alleged Temple Complex Inside Qutub Minar Nupur Thapliyal7 March 2021 5:44 AMShare This – x“An Islamic Structure or mosque raised/ constructed after demolishing a Hindu temple will not gain any legal sanction in law as no Waqf could be created thereat and no mosque could have been constructed over the property dedicated to the deity. The deities and devotees have right to reconstruct the temple/s at same very place where it was before demolition of the temple.” The plaint reads. Delhi Court on Saturday adjourned till 27th April hearing in the civil suit filed on behalf of Jain deity Tirthankar Lord Rishabh Dev and Hindu deity Lord Vishnu alleging that the Quwwat-Ul-Islam Masjid situated within the Qutub Minar Complex in Mehrauli was built in place of a temple complex thereby seeking restoration of the temple complex comprising of as many as 27…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login Delhi Court on Saturday adjourned till 27th April hearing in the civil suit filed on behalf of Jain deity Tirthankar Lord Rishabh Dev and Hindu deity Lord Vishnu alleging that the Quwwat-Ul-Islam Masjid situated within the Qutub Minar Complex in Mehrauli was built in place of a temple complex thereby seeking restoration of the temple complex comprising of as many as 27 temples.The adjournment came on account of Civil Judge Neha Sharma being on leave for the day. Advocates Vishnu S. Jain, Amita Sachdeva and Raj Kumar are appearing on behalf of the plaintiffs in the matter.The civil suit alleges that around 27 Hindu and Jain temples were desecrated and damaged in 1198 under the rule of Mughal Emperor Qutub-Din-Aibak raising the construction of the said Mosque in place of those temples.During the course of previous hearing dated 24th December 2020, the plaintiffs were questioned by the Court on three major points. Firstly, on the locus­ standi of  the plaintiffs to sue as a next plaintiffs to sue as a next friend of the diety as well as the worshiper in absence of a shebait or a trust. Secondly, how the relief of declarationthat the dieties have the right to be restored and worshiped with rights and rituals, performance of regular puja within the temple complex claimed as a prayer without claiming the relief of possession. Lastly, on the power of a Civil Court under Trust Act, 1882 to create a trust and hand over the management and administration of the temple complex to such trust.While referring to the Ayodhya Judgment of 2019 which held that worshipper has a right to institute a suit to recover the property of a idol, the plaintiffs also state that “the worshippers right to worship are being infringed and the atrocities is committed before the enforcement of the Constitution can be remedied in furtherance of exercise of right to religion guaranteed by Article 25 of the Constitution of India.” Partial Demolition According to the plaintiffs it has been alleged that Qutubdin Aibak, in a view to “show might of islam” ordered the demolition of the temples, partially carried out the demolition work. It is also contended by the plaintiffs that the said Mosque was never used for any religious purpose by Muslims because a number of images of deities are found on the pillars, roofs, walls of the building.Permanent and Mandatory InjunctionWhile seeking a mandatory injunction in for handing over the management and administration of temple complex, the plaintiffs also seek direction on the Central Government to create a trust under the Trust Act 1882 for framing scheme of administration to such trust.The plaintiffs also seek permanent injunction restraining the defendants permanently from interfering in making necessary repair works, raising construction and making arrangement for Pooja, Darshan and Worship of Deities in accordance with section 16 and 19 of ‘The Ancient monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958’ by a Trust.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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Doherty makes case for more garda resources in Donegal

first_imgAudioHomepage BannerNews Twitter Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Facebook WhatsApp Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/pearscrime1pm.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th By News Highland – November 8, 2019 Pinterestcenter_img Twitter WhatsApp Previous articleDavid Kelly nominated for young rally driver of the year awardNext articleMain Evening News, Sport, Nuacht and Obituaries Friday November 8th News Highland RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR DL Debate – 24/05/21 Doherty makes case for more garda resources in Donegal Google+ Facebook Google+ Pinterestlast_img read more

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Alabama in the Making: Traditional Arts of People and Place

first_img By using iPads, visitors are able to navigate through the exhibition and listen to Alabamians tell the stories of their experiences in folk and traditional arts including foodways, music, occupational folklore and material culture.Drinkard said faces familiar to the people of Pike County will include the late Agnes Johnson who tells a story of growing up in the rural South; Stanley Smith, a leader in the Sacred Harp community; and the late Kathryn Windham, legendary Alabama storyteller.“Many of the people, places and traditions and much of the music will be familiar to most all of us,” Drinkard said. “The content will also be interesting to students, scholars, community educators and cultural organizations.”There are five kiosks and each one represents a region of Alabama – the Gulf Coast, Southern Appalachians, Wiregrass, Black Belt and Tennessee Valley. Around the WebMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthTop 4 Methods to Get Fortnite SkinsTCGThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel Published 10:30 pm Friday, August 3, 2012 Sponsored Content Book Nook to reopen Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration Alabama in the Making: Traditional Arts of People and Place Latest Stories Email the author Print Article Skip Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson By Blood Sugar Blaster “As the keepers of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs and aspirations, Alabamians share their traditions through this traveling exhibit,” said Morgan Drinkard, Johnson Center executive director.Through this traveling exhibit, people will have the opportunity to discover the many talents, skills and knowledge of Alabamians and also the contributions they continue to make to American culture.“The opportunity to share this exhibit at the Johnson Center allows us to bring the culture of different regions to our community,” Drinkard said. “We hope everyone will take the time to visit this exhibit to learn more about the culture and folklife traditions of our state.” Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits Md: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch) By Jaine Treadwell You Might Like The re-launching of The Vine Church The Rev. Louis Johnson preaches during a practice service for The Vine Church at the Troy Parks and Recreation Center…. read more The Alabama in the Making traveling exhibition opens today at the Johnson Center for the Arts. The exhibition features interactive kiosks from five regions of the state: the Gulf Coast, Black Belt, the Southern Appalachians, Wire Grass, and the Tennessee Valley. (Photo/Jaine Treadwell)Folklife traditions and landscapes will be the feature of the “Alabama in the Making: Traditional Arts of People and Place” that opens today at the Johnson Center for the Arts.This exhibit features the people of Alabama, whose faces, voices, stories and music will present the folklife traditions of their families and communities.Visitors are invited to journey across the state and listen to Alabamians tell the story of cultural roots and meaningful places as translated through arts and traditions. Some of the topics explored are gumbo, chicken and goat stew, blues, Native American traditions, Muscle Shoals music, Mardi Gras, fishing techniques, Sacred Harp singing, fiddle making, basket making, quilting and storytelling.Drinkard said benches invite visitors to sit and enjoy each kiosk at their own time and at their own pace.“There are visual and audio selections at each kiosk,” Drinkard said. “Visitors can easily access the selections. Some of them are less than a minute and others are up to five minutes. This is the kind of exhibit that you’ll probably want to come back and enjoy more than once and we certainly invite everyone to do so.”“Alabama in the Making” will be featured in the lower level gallery of the Johnson Center through Sept. 6.During the same time frame, the Johnson Center for the Arts is also presenting, “Faith, Magic, Love & Death, Cautionary Tales of the End Times” in the Upper Level Galleries.“This exhibition is extraordinary. It features the narrative visions of Marc Berghaus, Marko Fields, Oscar Gillespie, Stephanie Hunder, Richard Notkin and Barbara Waterman Peters,” Drinkard said. “This traveling exhibit schedule includes visits to Minneapolis, Minnesota; Manhattan, Kansas; Troy, Alabama; and Denver, Colorado. So, we are in company with some really big cities and that says a lot about the Johnson Center for the Arts, Troy and Alabama.”The “Alabama in the Making” exhibit is made possible by the Alabama Folklife Association through funding from the National Endowment for the Arts, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Alabama State Council on the Arts and the Alabama Humanities Foundation.The Johnson Center for the Arts is located at 300 East Walnut Street in downtown Troy. Exhibit hours are 10 a.m. until 5 p.m. Wednesday through Friday and from 10 a.m. until 3 p.m. on Saturday.Admission to the Johnson Center is free of charge.last_img read more

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Comparison of geostatistical and random sample survey analyses of Antarctic krill acoustic data

first_imgData from the acoustic surveys of MV SA “Agulhas” and FRV “Walther Herwig”, and the 1981 RRS “John Biscoe” South Georgia acoustic survey were analysed by geostatistical methods. Estimates of mean density (g m−2) of krill and their variances are compared with published results from statistical analyses based on random sampling theory. A further high-resolution geostatistical analysis of the MV SA “Agulhas” (ping-by-ping) data set of the density of each individual aggregation is also presented. These analyses illustrate the problems of applying geostatistical methods to data from highly aggregated species which can show marked skewness in their histogram of density.last_img read more

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Status and trends of terrestrial arthropod abundance and diversity in the North Atlantic region of the Arctic

first_imgThe Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme (CBMP) provides an opportunity to improve our knowledge of Arctic arthropod diversity, but initial baseline studies are required to summarise the status and trends of planned target groups of species known as Focal Ecosystem Components (FECs). We begin this process by collating available data for a relatively well-studied region in the Arctic, the North Atlantic region, summarising the diversity of key terrestrial arthropod FECs, and compiling trends for some representative species. We found the FEC classification system to be challenging to implement, but identified some key groups to target in the initial phases of the programme. Long-term data are scarce and exhibit high levels of spatial and temporal variability. Nevertheless, we found that a number of species and groups are in decline, mirroring patterns in other regions of the world. We emphasise that terrestrial arthropods require higher priority within future Arctic monitoring programmes.last_img read more

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High school football player’s 1-handed catch goes viral

first_img Written by October 8, 2019 /Sports News – National High school football player’s 1-handed catch goes viral FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmail33ft/iStock(ST. PETERSBURG, Fla.) — This high school football player just pulled off a pro move that would make Odell Beckham Jr. jealous. Craig Richardson Jr. from North East High School in St. Petersburg, Florida, pulled off an impressive outstretched one-handed catch during a home game against Dundein on Friday.His older brother Keith Harrington, who currently plays college football for Washington State University, filmed the play and shared the video on Twitter with the caption, “I swear my lil brother might be the best player in high school football.” Since he posted it, the video has been viewed over 31,000 times and retweeted by athletic film site Hudl and House of Highlights.Copyright © 2019, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.center_img Beau Lundlast_img read more

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The Philippines: JCSCSG Transits Surigao Strait

first_img View post tag: Defence View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Surigao Back to overview,Home naval-today The Philippines: JCSCSG Transits Surigao Strait View post tag: Defense April 12, 2013 The John C. Stennis Carrier Strike Group (JCSCSG) transited the Surigao Strait, a narrow passageway between the Mindanao and Leyte islands of the Philippines, April 10.Sailors took a brief pause during routine operations to pay tribute to the historical significance of the passage and to the Sailors who gave their lives in the defense of freedom during the battle in these waters during World War II.During the Battle of the Surigao Strait, from Oct. 23-26, 1944, the Japanese Imperial Navy, who then occupied the central Philippines, led an assault on U.S. ships supporting the Allied invasion of Leyte Gulf. U.S. Rear Adm. Jesse B. Oldendorf, commander of U.S. 7th Fleet, was tasked with stopping the Japanese attack. With the help of Allied forces, Oldendorf reduced the Japanese forces to half. The remaining Japanese battleship fleet retreated after seeing the burning wreckage of the defeated Imperial battleships.The Battle of Surigao Strait severely weakened the Japanese fleet, allowing the Allied forces to successfully defend the ground invasion of the Philippines, setting the stage for the invasion of Okinawa.Sailors aboard the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) reflected on the significance of this battle by gathering on the flight deck, as it transited the historic strait.“I wrote a poem while transiting the strait called ‘Coming Home to the Philippines,’” said Machinist’s Mate Fireman Maria Cruzclaveria, from Zambales, Philippines. “It feels refreshing to see a piece of home even though it’s just the tip of the country where I grew up. The Straits reminds me of those who have sacrificed their lives for the freedom I enjoy now.”The JCSCSG consisting of Stennis, embarked Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 9, guided missile cruiser USS Mobile Bay (CG 53), and Destroyer Squadron (DESRON) 21, transited the Surigao Strait en route to U.S. waters after more than seven months deployed to the U.S. 5th and 7th Fleet areas of responsibility (AOR).[mappress]Naval Today Staff, April 12, 2013 View post tag: Naval View post tag: Navy View post tag: Transits View post tag: Strait The Philippines: JCSCSG Transits Surigao Strait Share this article Training & Education View post tag: JCSCSGlast_img read more

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